Accra, the capital of Ghana, lies on the coast. There is terrain to nearly 1500ft amsl 8nm to the N. Power lines cross the approach path 500m short of RWY21 THLD; in this area there is a sharp drop in the terrain.
Communications – Aircraft routeing between Lagos and Accra are usually required to establish radio contact with Accra before being released by Lagos and vice versa.
Initial Approach – Note the Danger Area to the E and Restricted Area to the S lying close to letdown procedures. Patchy stratus often lies just to the E of the airport; exercise caution in visually identifying the runway, and do not confuse RWY lights with city lights. Cloud base usually given in metres.
Approach – Downdraughts possible on RWY21 approach due to sharp drop in terrain prior to the threshold; radio altimeter callouts in the last 150-200ft of the approach are affected.
RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES
Parking – Approach the terminal following the lead-in vehicle, if provided, onto the stand and treat marshalling with caution.
TAKE-OFF AND DEPARTURE
Starting and Taxi – Ground equipment may be inadequate to provide engine start. Ensure correct holding point used. It is worth noting that the holding point is some 400m inset, therefore check whether backtrack is required.
Departure – Avoid over flight of Osu Castle – strict observance is required.
Although instability rain may occur during any month of the year, the rainy season is from May-Jul when the ITCZ is moving N. Rainfall is of the monsoon type. A secondary maximum occurs in Oct when the ITCZ moves S. The worst period of line squalls, which track in from the E, is prior to the ‘monsoon’ i.e. Mar-May, when about 5 squalls per month can be expected. In winter it is rare for thick dust haze to occur although the ‘Harmattan’ may reach the coast. Low cloud is frequent in the morning. In summer early morning fog occurs. Low stratus often sets in an hour or so before midnight during the early morning.
In Ghana, the fresh water lakes and the delta of the River Volta carry BILHARTSIA. These minute parasitic worms that enter the skin from contaminated water cause intestinal upset, blood in urine and diarrhoea.