Archive for category Africa

Durban King Shaka, South Africa DUR/FALE

Durban King Shaka, South Africa
DUR/FALE

ILS 06/24

SIDS/STARS available
Flights arriving from west/south plan for a descent with strong tail winds.
Inbound flights use JNB as an alternate.
Inbound Durban clearance will be given upon initial contact with Johannesburg centre.

Heavy rains and low visibility during summer thunderstorms can be expected.

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Cape Town, South Africa CPT/FACT

Cape Town, South Africa
CPT/FACT

Flights inbound from the north:
Expect straight in RWY19  or Expect RH downwind RWY01 (follow star then RV)
If visual approach in use for RWY 19 flights inbound from the east usually fly a LH visual inside the Tygerberg Mountain (turning finals at 3.4 miles out).
Expect inbound clearance Cape Town upon initial contact with Cape Town Centre.

Flights arriving from east: Mountains are at around 7000 ft so if complying with the visual 19, expect to be high.

Call Cape Town Apron during the descent to confirm your gate number.
After landing, switch to ground 121.900

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Djanet, Algeria DJG/DAAJ

Djanet, Algeria
DJG/DAAJ

OVERVIEW

Located in the SE corner of Algeria close to the Libyan border the airport is 3169 ft amsl with terrain to the W, NW and N rising to 3900ft amsl within 5nm and 5158ft amsl within 6nm to the NE.

APPROACH

Approach to RWY 02 steeper than normal.
Non precision approach to RWY 02 and 13 only.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

No PAPIs available.

Caution: If backtracking or departing RWY 20 ensure there is no traffic on approach to RWY 13/31.

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Bahir Dar, Ethiopia BJR/HABD

Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
BJR/HABD

OVERVIEW

Bahir Dar Airport is located 5nm NW of the town of Bahir Dar near Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile. The airport sits at 5976ft amsl amongst high terrain with a MSA of 14,000ft to the S and 11,000ft to the N.

DESCENT

Only RNAV STARS are available. Procedural approaches can be carried out to either runway from overhead the BDR VOR.

APPROACH

A Localiser/DME approach is published for RWY 22 and a VOR/DME approach for RWY 04.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

Note: Limited airport opening hours 0300-1700 GMT (GMT +3) daily and restricted refuelling and handling facilities available.

RWY22 slopes upwards by 100ft from the threshold to the far end. There is no evidence of whether PAPIs are fitted at either end of the runway.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Caution: Reports of large flocks of birds crossing approach and departure paths.

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Ascension Island ASI/FHAW

Ascension Island
ASI/FHAW

OVERVIEW

Ascension is a mountainous island located in the South Atlantic approximately 1,200nm E of Recife in Brazil and 1,000nm S of Freetown in Sierra Leone. The airfield is military and is located in a valley, on the SW corner of the island, some 3nm SE of the capital, Georgetown.

Immediately N and S of the runway are abrupt outcrops of high ground to nearly 800ft asl. Of particular importance are the two immediately S of the runway which start to rise about 45m from the runway edge. The highest of the two hills reaches 790ft asl.

There is a marked up slope before the threshold of RWY 14 causing the radio altimeter reading to decrease suddenly at about 100-200ft.

To the NE of the airfield the terrain reaches 1,500ft asl within 1.5nm. The highest peak on the island is 2,817ft asl 3nm to the NE.

Ascension has a latitude of 80S, and hence has a tropical climate. It lies in the SE Trade Wind Belt throughout the year, and seasonal variations are small.

APPROACH

The NDB is over a mile to the NW of the runway and not on the extended centre line, however it can be received at ranges up to 1,000nm.

The usual clearance is to MATHY, which is 10DME on the extended centre line of RWY 14. The only instrument approaches (non-precision) are to RWY 14. Circuits are flow3n to the S of the airfield, away from the high ground.

Strong down draughts may be experienced on final approach due to local wind effects.

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Accra, Ghana ACC/DGAA

Accra, Ghana
ACC/DGAA

OVERVIEW

Accra, the capital of Ghana, lies on the coast. There is terrain to nearly 1500ft amsl 8nm to the N. Power lines cross the approach path 500m short of RWY21 THLD; in this area there is a sharp drop in the terrain.

DESCENT

Communications – Aircraft routeing between Lagos and Accra are usually required to establish radio contact with Accra before being released by Lagos and vice versa.

APPROACH

Initial Approach – Note the Danger Area to the E and Restricted Area to the S lying close to letdown procedures. Patchy stratus often lies just to the E of the airport; exercise caution in visually identifying the runway, and do not confuse RWY lights with city lights. Cloud base usually given in metres.

Approach – Downdraughts possible on RWY21 approach due to sharp drop in terrain prior to the threshold; radio altimeter callouts in the last 150-200ft of the approach are affected.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

Parking – Approach the terminal following the lead-in vehicle, if provided, onto the stand and treat marshalling with caution.

TAKE-OFF AND DEPARTURE

Starting and Taxi – Ground equipment may be inadequate to provide engine start. Ensure correct holding point used. It is worth noting that the holding point is some 400m inset, therefore check whether backtrack is required.

Departure – Avoid over flight of Osu Castle – strict observance is required.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Weather

Although instability rain may occur during any month of the year, the rainy season is from May-Jul when the ITCZ is moving N. Rainfall is of the monsoon type. A secondary maximum occurs in Oct when the ITCZ moves S. The worst period of line squalls, which track in from the E, is prior to the ‘monsoon’ i.e. Mar-May, when about 5 squalls per month can be expected. In winter it is rare for thick dust haze to occur although the ‘Harmattan’ may reach the coast. Low cloud is frequent in the morning. In summer early morning fog occurs. Low stratus often sets in an hour or so before midnight during the early morning.

Health

In Ghana, the fresh water lakes and the delta of the River Volta carry BILHARTSIA. These minute parasitic worms that enter the skin from contaminated water cause intestinal upset, blood in urine and diarrhoea.

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Lagos, Nigeria LOS/DNMM

Lagos, Nigeria
LOS/DNMM

OVERVIEWLOS

ICAO in Flight Proc over AFRICA.
Most FIR need to be contacted 10 ” before.
CK Notams for CPLC procedures in route.
Consider extra fuel. For Arrival, expect delays on APP.
CALL 10″ before entering Khartoum on 11300 HF.
CALL DJEMENA Chad on VHF 120.5, or HF 18873 or 8903 and log on FTTT ,….THEN CALL 10″ before entering KANO on 128.5, 127.3 ,124.1 or HF 8903.

Inbound clearance must be received prior to crossing the Lagos UTA boundary from Lagos Approach. Note that difficulties are often encountered in establishing contact until within 100nm of the airfield. If no contact try for relay through other aircraft, Lagos Info on VHF, or HF. In the event that contact is not possible by any means prior to crossing the Lagos UTA boundary, it should be made clear on first contact that repeated attempts have been made.

ARRIVAL

Radio Aids are often subject to unserviceability at short notice and, at times, without the knowledge of ATC. Power cuts have blacked out the entire airfield including ATC. Although Radar is shown as available it is normally unserviceable. Airfield lighting is unreliable.

EXTREME CAUTION MUST BE EXERCISED TO ENSURE THAT THE CORRECT DME (VOR or ILS) IS USED FOR ANY PROCEDURE RELYING ON DME DISTANCES TO LET DOWN TO DECISION ALTITUDE/MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE.

Runway in use for wide-bodied aircraft is normally 18R/36L although late clearance to use 18L/36R is possible. Prevailing winds usually favour the southerly runway. Confusion over landing clearance has occurred; change to tower frequency in good time calling airfield/runway in sight as soon as practicable. Surface wind and visibility reports may be inacurate particularly in adverse weather conditions.

APPROACH

Normally delays for APP, ATC will issue an ETA, they will send to LAG VOR for holding, and after the hold proceed ILS 18R. DURING APP MONITOR DIST ALT GS AND LOC ARE INTERMITTENT

NO STARS: Call lagos 10.’ Before entering FIR, request inbound clearance.

TAXI IN take first left and proceed via taxi way E turn right to gate.
E61 to E 63, then follow marshall instr (sometimes you have to stop before the gate and then they will tow to final parking position.)
SET BRAKES ESTABLISH COMMUNICATION WITH GND CREW…MAKE PA  Advise this is the normal proc for parking in LAGOS  ask Pax to remain seated.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

Degraded braking action may be expected when the runway is wet.
Exercise caution during taxy due to uncontrolled vehicular and pedestrian movements.

TAKE-OFF AND DEPARTURE

Requests for start-up clearance should be made 15 minutes before ETD giving expected start time.
For aircraft routing between Lagos and Accra it is usual to establish radio contact with Accra before being released by Lagos and vice versa.

CALL GROUND CNTL and inform:
* Callsign, requested FL, Destination, ATIS INFO, AC TYPE, Parking stand, Total PAX, and ENDURANCE.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

During the HARMATTAN season (Dec to Jan) whenever the forecast visibility is low, consider an additional one hour’s holding fuel.
It is important to maintain communication with other traffic in the area on 126.9 as long as possible.

WEATHER

It is difficult to obtain Lagos weather until in VHF contact (approx 150nm out), however on occasions it may be possible on HF. Weathers for Lome, Cotonou, Accra, Niamey and Abidjan are usually available from NIAMEY. It is rarely possible to obtain Kano weather until either in VHF contact (approx 110nm out) or on occasion on HF. Rarely does Lagos have the Kano weather and vice versa.

Although instability rain may occur during any month of the year the rainy season is from May to July when the ICTZ is moving north.. Rainfall is of the monsoon type during this period. A second maximum occurs in October when the ICTZ moves south. The worst period of LINE SQUALLS (from the east) is prior to the MONSOON, ie during March to May, when about five squalls per month can be expected.

In Dec/Jan thick dust haze can occur when the HARMATTAN may reach the coast. Low cloud is frequent in the early morning with fog an almost daily occurrence in Dec and Jan forming an hour or two before dawn but invariably burning off by 0900Z

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Sal, Cape Verde SID/GVAC

Sal, Cape Verde
SID/GVAC

ILS 01/VOR 19

OVERVIEW

Sal is the NE island of the Cape Verde group and is 337nm off Dakar, Senegal.

DESCENT

The island is small with rugged terrain to the N and NE reaching just over 1,300ft asl within 5nm. Just NE of the 19 threshold is a small built up area with obstructions to 155ft above the threshold elevation. Other islands in the group have high ground to nearly 9,300ft asl, although the closest, Boa Vista 20nm S, has terrain to only 1,280ft asl.

APPROACH

Caution – False localiser captures have been reported on RWY 01 ILS Localiser

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

There are two runways. RWY 01/19 is standard width and has full lighting. The short runway has no lighting and is only 30m wide.
Poor apron and taxiway markings. Taxi with caution, particularly at night.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Mobile phone connection is limited to certain networks.

WEATHER

NE trade winds predominate. The dry season is from Feb to Jul with mainly fine weather except for occasional early morning mist. The wet season is Aug to Oct with squally showers, however ceiling and visibility seldom drop below 1,000ft/3nm. Temperatures vary little during the year, being between 20°C and 27°C.

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Nador, Morocco NDR/GMMW

Nador, Morocco
NDR/GMMW

ILS 08

OVERVIEW

The airport has no published SIDs & no circling minima.

APPROACH

RWY08 is preferred for landing. Expect a procedural approach for ILS or VOR/DME.
RWY26 – there are no published approach procedures. Circling minima is not published. Landing RWY08 with tailwind may be preferable to landing on RWY26.

If RWY26 landing is required expect a visual approach. In this case fly a standard left-hand visual circuit at 1500’ aal in daylight VMC.

 

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Eldoret, Kenya EDL/HKEL

Eldoret, Kenya
EDL/HKEL

ILS 08/Cirlcing 26
Terrain & high airport elevation

Eldoret Intl is situated to the West of, and close to, the Abadare range of mountains. Airport elevation is 6,941ft. High terrain, with peaks in excess of 13,000ft runs north/south East of the airport.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

Hours of operation 0330 – 1630 UTC.
RFF 6.
Apron capacity: One B767 or similar.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Airfield Hot and High considerations.

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