Archive for category Oceania

Canberra, Australia CBR/YSCB

Canberra, Australia
CBR/YSCB

OVERVIEW 

The airport is located on the eastern edge of the city and sits at 1886ft amsl. Ridges of high ground surround the city leading to MSAs of 4600ft amsl to the N and 7500ft amsl to the S.

APPROACH

There is an ILS approach to RWY 35 and a VOR approach to RWY 17 & 35. Circling to the W of the airport is limited to 4nm to avoid overflying the Australian Parliament Buildings.

Caution: During strong westerly winds, severe turbulence may be experienced in the touchdown zone of RWY 35.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

ATC TWR hours of operation are 20:00 – 13:00UTC although this can alter depending on planned traffic movements. Outside of ATC hours, Canberra Airport has a Common Traffic Advisory Frequency (CTAF) 118.7 to facilitate communication between aircraft operating in the area. Arriving aircraft must broadcast their aircraft type, ETA, intended runway for landing and planned circuit entry procedure. This frequency also operates the Pilot-Activated lighting.

If departing out of ATC hours, Melbourne Centre Flight Information Area frequency (FIA) 125.9 must be contacted to confirm flight plan, controlled airspace joining airway/position and ETA. Departure intentions should be transmitted on the CTAF and flap retraction delayed until clear of traffic area.

Note: Several runway turning and taxiway restrictions are detailed on airport chart.

Airport Fire Service Frequency 131.0, callsign “Canberra Fire”.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Caution: Bird Hazard exists.

Numerous Noise Abatement procedures exist for this airport.

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Ayers Rock, Australia AYQ/YAYE

Ayers Rock, Australia
AYQ/YAYE

OVERVIEW

The airport is located 10nm N of Ayers Rock “Uluru” near the southern edge of Australia’s Northern Territory. It sits at 1626ft amsl with terrain rising to 3500ft amsl within 15nm to the W and Uluru sitting at almost 3000ft amsl to the S. The Kata Tjuta National Park lies 14nm SW of the airport and contains a series of large domed rocks known as “The Olgas”. The highest, Mount Olga rises to 3450ft amsl.

It is an uncontrolled airport and as such has no Air Traffic Control service. However, it has been designated a CTAF-R airport which signifies that it has been assigned a Common Traffic Advisory Frequency (CTAF) – 126.9 MHz and all aircraft operating there have to be equipped with a radio.

Note: Pilots should refer to the airport as “Ayers Rock Airport” and the rock itself as “The Rock”.

Ayers Rock airport operates a Certified Air/Ground Radio Service (CA/GRS) on the CTAF during certain hours of the day (normally 23:30-06:15 GMT). This is a radio information service to provide pilots with operational information – it is not a separation service. The Certified Air/Ground Radio Operator (CA/GRO) is available to assist pilots in making informed operational decisions. Pilots retain authority and responsibility for the acceptance and use of the information provided. The callsign used to speak to the operator is “Ayers Rock Radio”. It is recommended that inbound Jet aircraft contact the CA/GRO as soon as possible (around 150nm) with an ETA to allow adequate time for the CA/GRO to alert the other aircraft in the area. Whilst the CA/GRS is operating, an Automatic Aerodrome Information Service (AAIS) is available on a separate frequency to provide weather and airport information.

The CTAF frequency also has an Aerodrome Frequency Response Unit (AFRU) which assists pilots’ awareness of inadvertent selection of an incorrect VHF frequency when operating into non-towered aerodromes. When the aerodrome traffic frequency has not been used for the past five (5) minutes, the next transmission over 2 seconds long will cause a voice identification to be transmitted in response; e.g. “Ayers Rock CTAF”.

Caution: Ayers Rock Airport is recognised to be one of the world’s busiest uncontrolled airports. There are a large number of small sight-seeing aircraft operating in the local area as well as larger jet transport aircraft arriving from the major Australian hubs. It is therefore vital that the advice in this brief is followed and aircraft speed is reduced appropriately approaching the airport. Reports indicate that R/T standards are poor at times especially when the CA/GRO is not operating. Regular radio calls are to be made stating intentions and crew must ensure an efficient look-out is maintained.

DESCENT

Once the aircraft has descended into the area of Class G airspace surrounding the airport, the crew are responsible for their own traffic and terrain separation. Consideration must be given to aircraft proceeding outbound from AYQ on a reciprocal track and pilot-to-pilot coordination will be required to ensure adequate separation. Arriving aircraft must broadcast their aircraft type, ETA, intended runway for landing and planned circuit entry procedure. Updates on position and intentions must be broadcast once the aircraft is within a minimum of 20nm from the airport – Jet aircraft are advised to make calls earlier due to their higher ground speed.

APPROACH

The only available instrument procedure is a non-precision NDB/DME approach to RWY 31 with circling available to RWY 13. In order to remain clear of the sight-seeing traffic arriving from the SW, all circling approaches and visual circuits should normally be carried out to the NE of the airport.

Caution: Visual aspect of the narrow runway will make aircraft appear high on final approach.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

The RWY is 30m wide and only TWYs A and E are wide enough for use by larger aircraft. The turning points at the end of each RWY must be used whenever a 180° turn is required. The old turning point 1,300ft from the RWY 31 threshold is no longer in use.

Taxi intentions should be transmitted on the CTAF and minimum power should be used whilst taxiing to prevent corrosion of soft TWY shoulders.

Pilot activated lighting is available by transmitting 3 x 2 second pulses on frequency 120.6 MHz.

RFF 6 is available Sun-Thurs 2300-0815 GMT and Fri 2300-0715 GMT.
Airport Fire Service Frequency 131.0 MHz, callsign “Ayers Rock Fire”.

TAKE-OFF AND DEPARTURE

MTOM can be performance limited from AYQ when a high OAT exists. Careful consideration should be given to this before deciding on fuel for the departure.

Prior to taxiing call Melbourne Centre Flight Information Area (FIA) on 121.85 MHz to confirm flight plan and controlled airspace joining instructions. They will issue a clearance and advise of other IFR traffic.

Departure intentions should be transmitted to the CA/GRO or announced on the CTAF, and flap retraction delayed until clear of the traffic area. Once clear, Melbourne Centre should be notified of the departure and first waypoint ETA. If departing RWY 13, a left turn should be carried out to avoid both the area of high traffic density and overflying the town of Yulara.

During initial climb the aircraft will be in Class G airspace. Consideration must therefore be given to aircraft proceeding inbound AYQ on a reciprocal track as pilot-to-pilot coordination will be required to ensure adequate separation. Updates on position and intentions must be broadcast on the CTAF until the aircraft has reached a minimum of 20nm from the airport.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Hazardous conditions may exist with an easterly wind on RWY 13. Information received indicates that ambient conditions could change rapidly with strong easterly winds creating very hazardous conditions including reduced visibility due to raised dust. Dust devils and associated turbulence are also hazards.

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Alice Springs, Australia ASP/YBAS

Alice Springs, Australia
ASP/YBAS

OVERVIEW

The airport is located 6nm S of Alice Springs in Australia’s Northern Territory. It sits at 1789ft amsl to the S of the Macdonnell Ranges. Terrain rises to 3200ft amsl within 5nm N of the airport.

Aircraft diverting to Alice Springs must notify the airport as soon as possible to ensure the required RFF is available. ATC operates between 22:30-08:30G. Outside these hours, Alice Springs Airport has a Common Traffic Advisory Frequency (CTAF) to facilitate communication between aircraft operating in the area. Arriving aircraft must broadcast their aircraft type, ETA, intended runway for landing and planned circuit entry procedure. Updates on position and intentions must be broadcast once the aircraft is within a minimum of 20nm of the airport.

APPROACH

There is an ILS approach to RWY 12 and a VOR/DME approach to both runways. Circling must be conducted to the S or within 3nm N of the RWY 12/30.

Caution: Hot-air baloon activity in the vicinity of the circuit area at sunrise and early morning.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

Note: Several runway turning and taxiway restrictions are detailed on airport chart.

Airport Fire Service Frequency 131.0, callsign “Alice Springs Fire”.

TAKE-OFF AND DEPARTURE

If departing out of ATC hours, Melbourne Centre Flight Information Area frequency (FIA) must be contacted to confirm flight plan, controlled airspace joining airway/position and ETA. Departure intentions should be transmitted on the CTAF and flap retraction delayed until clear of traffic area. Consideration must be given to aircraft proceeding inbound AYQ on a reciprical track and pilot to pilot coordination will be required to ensure adequate separation.

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Apia, Samoa APW/NFSA

Apia, Samoa
APW/NFSA

OVERVIEW

Faleolo Airport is situated on the NW coast of the island of Upolu, approximately 25nm to the W of the town of Apia. There are high MSAs surrounding the airport reaching 8200ft in the NW sector, and a 1759ft peak 3nm SE of the aiport.

DESCENT

A good weather brief is available from Lan Chile at Easter Island. Isla de Pascua and Tahiti FIRs will probably offer blocks of cleared levels to enable cruise climb. Weather reports for Apia are available from Pago Pago.

APPROACH

Circling is prohibited to the S of the airport.

TAKE-OFF AND DEPARTURE

Departure to Townsville/Brisbane/Cairns – clearance from Auckland will be received during taxy out

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Tahiti, Society Islands PPT/NTAA

Tahiti, Society Islands
PPT/NTAA

ILS 04/VOR 22

OVERVIEW

Tahiti or Faaa airport was previously known as Papeete, and is situated in the Society Islands, part of the French Pacific Territories. Tahiti airport is situated in Tahiti Bay, and is served by a single RWY, which is 11220ft in length. There is an ILS on RWY 04, and a VOR/DME on RWY 22.
There is high ground over 7,300ft amsl 8nm SE of the airport. The island of Moorea lies about 10nm W of the airport with Mount Tohivea rising to almost 4,000ft amsl, 12nm W of the airport.

APPROACH

Note that not all instrument approaches have circling minima, and that circling is not authorised S of the RWY, and is only authorised when TAF VOR is unserviceable.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

Note the start up procedures on Jeppesen 10-9A.

TAKE-OFF AND DEPARTURE

Some SIDs or departures require high rates of climb.

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Honolulu, Hawaii HNL/PHNL

Honolulu, Hawaii
HNL/PHNL

The airport is located on the S coast of the island of Oahu in the Hawaiian Islands between Waikiki and Pearl Harbour. There is much military, commuter and light traffic. Hickam Air Force Base is located at the W end of Honolulu International airport and reached via several TWYs.

DESCENT

A ridge of terrain to over 2,600ft amsl runs NW-SE and lies about 5nm E of the airport. A further N-S ridge to over 3,000ft amsl is located about 5nm NW of the airport.

APPROACH

RWY 26L has an LDA/DME approach. This is similar to a LOC/DME approach with 45 degree offset from the extended RWY centreline. Flasher lights aid alignment with the RWY threshold in reduced visibiity.

After landing, once clear of the RWY, advise ground of your gate number. This may be available from Ramp/Taxi Control if not known.

RUNWAY AND AIRPORT FACILITIES

Runways 04/22 L/R and 08/26 L/R. Two water RWYs in the bay are referred to as 4W/22W and 8W/26W.

An ‘Informal Runway Use Program’ is in operation. Aircraft on arrival can expect 8L or 26L, with departures on 8R, 26L or 22R/L, depending upon wind. The Jeppesen 10-4 chart also includes specific departure and arrival noise procedures.

TCAS Resolution Advisories may be experienced due to close parallel approaches; consider use of TA ONLY.

TAKE-OFF AND DEPARTURE

Caution wake turbulence when departing RWY 08R, from aircraft landing 04R.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Ships over 200ft high operate in the Pearl Harbour channel only 2nm W of the airport.

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